Welding positions and their symbols

In welding, different positions are critical to achieving the best possible outcome. Different welding positions affect weld quality, penetration, and the appearance of the weld. This article discusses the most common welding positions and their symbols, taking into account search engine optimization terminology.

You can read about welding education here.

Contents

1. Butt welding of plates

1. PA/1G (Flat Position Welding)

  • Suitability: Particularly popular for welding thin metal plates, it provides a flat and tidy end result.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling welding speed, especially with thin materials.

2. PC/2G

  • Suitability: Used in the horizontal position, especially effective on large and heavy plates.
  • Common Challenges: Requires precise control to prevent spattering and inconsistencies in the weld.

3. PE/4G (Vertical Position Welding)

  • Suitability: In vertical joints, such as welding pillars or support structures.
  • Common Challenges: Unevenness in the joint and the difficulty of controlling the welding rod.

4. PF/3G (Upward Welding)

  • Suitability: For welding thicker materials when deep penetration is desired.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling the melting of the welding rod and avoiding unevenness in the weld.

5. PG/3G (Downward Welding)

  • Suitability: In confined working spaces, such as tight spots or elevated platforms.
  • Common Challenges: Precise control of welding speed and temperature.
Hitsausasennot. Levyjen päittäishitsaus ja niiden tunnukset

2. Edge Welding of Plates

1. PA/1F

  • Suitability: For welding thin metal plates, especially in the flat position.
  • Common Challenges: Formation of spatter and unevenness in the weld.

2. PB/2F

  • Suitability: Often used on moderately thick plates when aiming for a neat seam.
  • Common Challenges: Ensuring seam consistency and temperature control.

3. PD/4F

  • Suitability: Particularly useful in tight spaces or restricted working conditions.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling weld quality and penetration depth.

4. PF/3F (Upward Welding)

  • Suitability: Used on thick plates or when deeper penetration is needed.
  • Common Challenges: Formation of spatter and avoiding unevenness in the weld.

5. PG/3F (Downward Welding)

  • Suitability: Particularly suitable for restricted working conditions.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling welding speed and temperature.
hitsausasennot ja niiden tunnukset. Levyjen pienahitsaus

3. Butt Welding of Pipes

1. PA/1G

  • Suitability: Recommended for butt welding large pipes.
  • Common Challenges: Maintaining continuity and uniformity in the welding process.

2. PC/2G

  • Suitability: Used in the horizontal position, especially popular in large piping systems.
  • Common Challenges: Unevenness in the weld and the formation of spatter.

3. PF/5G

  • Suitability: Ideal for vertical joints, such as water pipes.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling welding speed and managing deep penetration.

4. PG/5G

  • Suitability: Used especially when welding large pipes in confined spaces.
  • Common Challenges: Precise control of welding temperature and speed.

5. H-L045/6G

  • Suitability: Used in the most challenging pipe end welding applications, especially in large pipe installations.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling the melting of the welding rod and ensuring seam uniformity.
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4. Edge Welding of Pipes

1. PB/2FR

  • Suitability: Particularly useful for edge welding of pipes when aiming for a strong and neat joint.
  • Common Challenges: Managing seam consistency and the formation of spatter.

2. PB/2F

  • Suitability: Popular for small and medium-sized pipes.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling weld quality and depth.

3. PD/4F

  • Suitability: Ideal in tight spaces or when a quick and efficient joint is desired.
  • Common Challenges: Controlling welding speed and managing deep penetration.

4. PF/5F

  • Suitability: Used when deeper penetration is needed or when welding thicker materials.
  • Common Challenges: Formation of spatter and avoiding unevenness in the weld.

5. PG/5F

  • Suitability: Particularly suitable for restricted working conditions or tight spaces.
  • Common Challenges: Precise control of welding speed and temperature.
IMG ss6238
Henri Vilkki Vilkkisweldings toimitusjohtaja

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